PHALAENOPSIS – THE MOTH ORCHID

The most sold orchid is the Phalaenopsis also known as moth orchid. It comes in many different colours, sizes, shapes and it is the easiest orchid for cultivation in our living rooms. Meanwhile, you can even get plants which flower all-year and can be bought in discounters and DIY markets.

Originally, monopodial (vertical growing) Phalaenopsis come from the tropical rain forrests in south-east Asia where it mostly lives epiphytically on other plants. The species covers about 66 types however the number of hybridy is immense.

When its basic needs are granted cultivating Phalaenopsis is quite easy and you can enjoy its gorgeous flowers for a long time.

  • Temperature

    Phalaenopsis is best cultivated in hot houses because they like temperatures of 20 to 28 degrees all-year. In their natural environnement, temperatures can reach up to 28 degrees in day time however night temperatures are 2 to 3 degrees (nocturnal fall) cooler.

    Sometimes Phalaenopsis do not want to flower in their main flowering time (mostly in fall / winter). It could be useful to give them a cooler climate with day temperatures of 20 degrees and night temperatures of 17 degrees for three to four weeks – your bed room should be perfect. After the cooler period, please put the plant in a bright and warm environnement and it should soon grow flowers.

  • Light

    Phalaenopsis wants to have a medium source of light. You will recognise this by their large and succulent leaves. However to encourage flowering and to avoid that it will loose its buds due to lack of light, please put it in a very bright place without direct sun. The brighter you put it (please be aware of sunlight) the more you have to be careful that it is not too hot. Please ensure a sufficient cooling by movement of the air.

  • Humidity

    Humidity should be at least 60 percent of relative humidity. Phalaenopsis likes to get sprayed in the morning with soft water which has room temperature. Please make sure that the plant is dry until the evening to avoid pathogenic germs such as fungus.

  • Movement of the air

    In nature you will always find air movement. A slight wind is always blowing but it is very different in a room. Often there is no air circulation which leads to unregular heat distribution especially in winter when all windows are closed. Therefore, during the whole year, a fan is best suited to move and mix the air. We recommend fans from the American based company Vornado. It is sufficient to have them run 15 Minutes per hour (in winter) and 15 Minutes per 90 Minutes (in summer).

  • Fresh air

    Fresh air is just as important as movement of the air to ensure an adequate level of carbon dioxide for photosynthesis. However there should be no draught!

  • Water and fertiliser

    All-year long, Phalaenopsis like a slight humidity which means your compost should not be completely dry for a longer period. However it is always useful to change the humidity of your compost. Please water with soft water and if possible on the basis of rain water. From April to September you can use fertiliser once a month. Use a commercially traded fertiliser for orchids and read the dosage instructions carefully.

These recommondations have been assembled conscience based on our longstanding experiences. Please really see them as recommondations, because it is your responsibility to take steps according to the individual requirements of your orchids and maybe even depart from our recommondations. We are happy about suggestions to improve our recommondations.

VIDEO TIPPS

Here we want to show you some plants of our own collection (only in German language available):

Phalaenopsis Sweet Memory

Phalaenopsis LD´s Bear King ´RK-3´

Phalaenopsis Homer Road and Phal. Zheng Min Muscadine

These recommondations have been assembled conscience based on our longstanding experiences. Please really see them as recommondations, because it is your responsibility to take steps according to the individual requirements of your orchids and maybe even depart from our recommondations. We are happy about suggestions to improve our recommondations.

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